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Bombus pennsylvanicus sonorusBR.jpg


This pleasantly aromatic plant community is characterized by numerous medium to low growing, soft-leaved, drought resistant shrubs. Also known as "soft chaparral", coastal sage scrub overlaps in areas with "hard chaparral" where succulents and taller evergreen shrubs with waxy leaves can be found. All are well adapted to our Mediterranean climate of dry summers and rainy winters, and can tolerate fog as well as strong offshore Santa Ana and onshore storm-driven winds.


A mixture of diverse soils including sandy soil on a firm dirt pan. Average garden soil is usually fine. They like good drainage. 


California or Coastal sage scrub is the dominant back dune plant community of the gated runway path west of LAX. Look for pristine swaths along many hiking paths of the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area, and replanted areas along the cliffs of Palos Verdes Peninsula from Point Vicente Interpretive Center through Terranea Resort.


Sages define this habitat. White sage, Cleveland sage and Purple sage are just a few that provide nectar for butterflies in spring, and seeds for migrating birds such as Black and White warblers, in fall. 


IF YOU PLANT IT ----------------------->

  1. California Sagebrush                                      (Artemisia californica)

  2. Big Saltbush                                                      (Atriplex lentiformis)

  3. Coastal Agave                                                    (Agave shawii)

  4. Dwarf Coyote Brush                                                   (Baccharis pilularis"Pigeon Point' )

  5. Catalina Silverlace                                       (Constancea (Eriophyllum) nevinii)

  6. Chalk Dudleya                                                   (Dudleya pulverulenta)

  7. Coast Dudleya                                                   (Dudleya caespitosa)

  8. Lance-Leaved Dudleya                                       (Dudleya lanceolat)

  9. Sticky Monkeyflower                                         (Mimulus or Diplacus aurantiacus)

  10. CA Bush Sunflower                                                   (Encelia californica)

  11. California fuchsia                                      (Zauschneria canum)

  12. Mock Heather                                           (Ericameria ericoides)

  13. Ashy-leaf Buckwheat                                    (Eriogonum cinereum)

  14. Santa Cruz Island Buckwheat                                    (Eriogonum arborescens)

  15. Red Buckwheat                                         (Eriogonum grande rubescens)

  16. Giant Buckwheat                                      (Eriogonum giganteum)

  17. Coastal CA Buckwheat                                    (Eriogonum fasciculatum var. fasciculatum)

  18. Dwarf CA Buckwheat                                    (Eriogonum 'Bruce Dickenson')

  19. Catalina Snapdragon                                   (Galvezia speciosa)

  20. Toyon                                                                 (Heteromeles arbutifolia)

  21. Yucca                                                         (Hesperoyucca whipplei)

  22. Menzies Goldenbush                                                 (Isocoma menziesii)

  23. Canyon Prince Wild Rye                                            (Leymus 'Canyon Prince')

  24. Deerweed                                                                   (Lotus scoparius)

  25. Laurel Sumac                                                             (Malosma laurina)

  26. Prickly Pear Cactus                                               (Opuntia littoralis)

  27. Bladder pod                                    (Peritoma arborea)

  28. Lemonade Berry                                                   (Rhus integrifolia)

  29. Matilija Poppy                                                   (Romneya coulteri)

  30. White Sage                                                           (Salvia apiana)

  31. Cleveland Sage                                                    (Salvia clevelandii)

  32. Purple Sage                                                          (Salvia leucophylla)

  33. Pinkie Purple Sage                                                     (Salvia leucophylla 'Pinkie')

  34. Point Sal Dwarf Purple Sage                                     (Salvia leucophylla 'Point Sal ')

  35. Black Sage                                                            (Salvia mellifera)

  36. Munz's Sage                                                          (Salvia munzii)

  37. Bon Bon Dwarf Sage                                                 (Salvia 'Bon Bon')

  38. Coast Live Oak                                                        (Quercus agrifolia)


  1. California Gnatcatcher; Western Fence Lizard, Alligator Lizard  

  2. Horned Toad; Sootywing and Western Pygmy Blue Butterflies

  3. Anna's and Allen's Hummingbirds; nectar-loving insects

  4. Hummingbirds; Northern  Mockingbirds; Grosbeaks

  5. Skippers; Monarch, Swallowtail and Painted Lady Butterflies; Fence lizards

  6. Allen’s & Anna’s Hummingbird; Host plant for Moss' Elfin Butterfly larva

  7. Allen’s & Anna’s Hummingbird; Host plant for Moss' Elfin Butterfly larva

  8. Allen’s & Anna’s Hummingbird; Host plant for Moss' Elfin Butterfly larva

  9. Hummingbirds; Bees; Common Checkerspot Butterfly

  10. Lesser and American             Goldfinches

  11. Allen’s and Anna’s Hummingbirds;     Butterflies in Fall

  12. Northern Checkerspot Butterfly; Yellow-faced Bumblebees

  13. Mormon Metalmark and Square-spotted Blue Butterflies

  14. Behr's and Brown Elfin Butterflies; Seed-eating birds

  15. Behr's and Brown Elfin Butterflies; Seed-eating birds

  16. Gray Hairstreak and Acmon Blue Butterflies, Birds eat seeds in fall

  17. Gray Hairstreak and Acmon Blue Butterflies; Birds eat seeds in fall

  18. Gray Hairstreak and Acmon Blue Butterflies; Seed-eating birds

  19. Anna's and Allen's Hummingbirds;  Nectar loving insects

  20. American Robin; Cedar Waxwings; Host plant for Blue Azure Butterfly

  21. Host plant for Yucca Moth larva; Bullock's and Hooded Orioles 

  22. Numerous native flies and bees; Moths; Butterflies

  23. Birds eat seeds; Other creatures use plant as cover from predators      

  24. Yellow-faced Bumblebee; Honeybee; Butterflies; Hummingbirds

  25. Host plant for Ceanothus and Walter's Silkmoth caterpillars

  26. Fig Beetle; Western Fence Lizard and Alligator lizard

  27. Checkered White & Becker's White Butterflies; Hummingbirds

  28. Walter's Silkmoth host plant; Scrub Jay and Northern Flicker

  29. Bumblebees; Honeybees; Monarch and other Butterflies

  30. Allen's & Anna's Hummingbirds; Bees, Butterflies eat nectar; Birds eat seeds

  31. Hummingbirds; Butterflies; Lesser Goldfinches eat seeds

  32. Allen's & Anna's Hummingbirds; Bees, Butterflies eat nectar; Birds eat seeds

  33. Allen's & Anna's Hummingbirds; Bees, Butterflies eat nectar; Birds eat seeds

  34. Allen's & Anna's Hummingbirds; Bees, Butterflies eat nectar; Birds eat seeds

  35. Allen's & Anna's Hummingbirds; Bees, Butterflies eat nectar; Birds eat seeds

  36. Allen's & Anna's Hummingbirds; Bees, Butterflies eat nectar; Birds eat seeds

  37. Allen's & Anna's Hummingbirds; Bees, Butterflies eat nectar; Birds eat seeds

  38. Host plant for 41 different species of  butterflies/moths; Scrub Jays; Wrens

American Goldfinches will feast on California Bush sunflower seeds during their fall migration, as well as niger seed put out in feeders. Cactus Wrens feed on Yucca nectar; the Yucca Moth mates and lays eggs while pollinating the plant.


Western Fence Lizards take cover under Prickly Pear cactus, while Fig Beetles feed on their mature fruit in June and July.


Flocks of tiny Bushtits and a House Wren will graze on insects that dwell on Coast Live Oak. A Western Scrub

Jay hides its acorns, inadvertently  planting the next generation of trees. 





Las Pilitas Online Nursery: 

Theodore Payne Foundation for Wildflowers and Native Plants:  

California Native Plant Society chapters: 

Palos Verdes/South Bay/South Coast   

Santa Monica/Los Angeles



iBird PRO app 

iNaturalist app

National Geographic Field Guide to the Birds of North America

Peterson Field Guides Western Birds  



UC Davis IPM (Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program)

Simple Planting Tips

Theodore Payne Foundation link to Getting Started with Natives:                   


* Educational websites 

MANHATTAN BEACH                                       

Deep Roots Nursery                                        

207 N. Sepulveda Blvd.


EL SEGUNDO                                      

International Garden Center                          

155 N. Sepulveda Blvd.                      


REDONDO BEACH                                          

South Bay Gardens                                       

2501 Manhattan Beach Blvd.              


SAN PEDRO                                                          

White Point Nature Center                         

EVENTS on website tells monthly sale             

16oo Paseo del Mar (Access via Western Ave.)

310 561-0917 

PALOS VERDES PENINSULA                   

Natural Landscapes                              

Contact Tony Baker 
for appointment:


South Coast Botanic Garden                            

26300 Crenshaw Blvd.


LOS ANGELES                                                             

* Theodore Payne Foundation for Wildflowers and Native Plants                 

10459 Tuxford Street, Sun Valley

818-768-1802 (days/hours seasonal, call first) 


Grow Native Nursery – Part of Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden          

1500 N. College Ave.nue, Claremont          


Marina del Rey Garden Center                                             

13198 Mindanao Way                      

310 823-5956 

* Matilija Nursery                                               

8225 Waters Road, Moorpark              

805 523-8604 (call for hours)

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA                                         

* Tree of Life Nursery

33201 Ortega Highway

P.O. Box 635
, San Juan Capistrano                   

949-728-0685 (call for retail hours) 

* Las Pilitas Online Nursery                                               

8331 Nelson Way,

760-749-5930 (Great website!) 


California Native Plant Society (CNPS):

CNPS Local Chapter: 

El Nativo Growers :                          

Native Sons:                                

Moosa Creek Nursery:

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